David’s and Goliath’s story represents an unlikely victory, which occurred in David’s and the entire nation of Israel’s favor. We use the analogy to build our faith when asking GOD to help us overcome and to encourage others. The LORD grants victory by His Mercy when it may come across as an unlikely win.
David became symbolic of an underdog achieving greatness. Upon closer examination it is clear that victory was more likely than not. The battle was won before it began, but the Israelite army did not know this.
The Israelite army was physically standing on one side of a hill. On the opposite side of the hill camped the Philistine army. Between the two was a valley. In order to attack from either side an army would need to move down the side of the hill, through the valley, and up on the other side.
This meant the army approaching would be vulnerable to the awaiting army. This is the reason why the Philistines and the Israelites were set in a deadlock staring at each another for days. Not one of the two armies was willing to make the first move.
The Philistines simplified the way to solution. They sent their hero, Goliath, to challenge the Israelite champion. The outcome of the fight would then become the outcome of the war in total. This was a cultural tradition that people of those days would use to stop major bloodshed in large wars.
Goliath was an impressive giant in stature. The Israelites were scared to face him. No one within the Israelite camp had the courage to face Goliath, except for David.
Medical articles have been written with regard to Goliath’s physical body compared to his fellow Philistines. Medically “giantism” is a deformation caused by a pituitary gland tumor in the brain, which then further abnormally excretes growth hormones. This results in atypical larger growth than others.
Throughout history and even up until today, people that have grown above and beyond normalcy have commonly been diagnosed with “giantism.” Even though their stature may be something significant there are side effects.
One of these side effects is a loss of stamina. Another side effect found in most cases of giantism is the lack of clear eyesight. Individuals would either have severe tunnel vision or very blurry vision. Within the story of David and Goliath we find clues that Goliath could not see so well.
The first of these clues is highlighted while David came down the hill toward Goliath. The giant did not see who was approaching. It is written that Goliath was surprised once he saw David. Surprised to see who and what was standing in front of him. Even then he could not clearly see.
The story goes that Goliath questioned David on why he approached him with “sticks” in the plural and not “stick” in the singular of which David had only one. Goliath never saw the sling. After Goliath hit the ground David removed Goliath’s sword from his sheath and cut off his head.
This means that Goliath approached David with his sword still in his sheath expecting to meet David on the battlefield to engage in hand-to-hand combat. Goliath never expected a sling.
There is much to be said for David. The story mentions that he was well equipped and experienced with his sling. David used the sling to protect his sheep as a shepherd, and in doing so was a greatly successful shot.
Archaeological findings of the Aramean culture shows that artillery members armed with slings became a deciding factor in war efforts. Artillery members armed with slings were accurate within about 180 meters. They were able to hit birds in flight.
When a projectile leaves a sling it would roughly travel at about 160 kilometers per hour. David had no military or artillery training, but due to his success with the sling we can assume he was likely accurate to about 100 meters. The projectile may have left his sling clocking at least 120 kilometers per hour.
Goliath brought a knife to a gunfight so to speak. David had every intention to hit Goliath between his eyes, even more so David had every intention to attack the giant from a distance to avoid hand-to-hand combat. Goliath did not have the capacity to fight David from a distance.
Goliath was possibly outfitted with modern weaponry of the time, yet his abilities were only toward hand-to-hand combat. His strength became his weakness.
David was not the unlikely winner or the underdog. Goliath was the underdog. The Israelites missed this because of Goliath’s stature. David was brave to take the step in faith to approach Goliath.
The victory is ours. We see the winning patterns throughout The Bible. Jericho walls falling is a different example of victory. The Israelites travelled out of Egypt toward The Promised Land. Although GOD promised the land is theirs, they were scared to see past the giants seen within the city walls.
It cost the Israelites 40 years circling the desert until Moses died and Joshua took over to make the step in faith to approach Jericho. Jericho was open for the taking. The Israelites marched six (6) times around the walls of Jericho and on the seventh (7th) time with loud shouting, noises and shofars the walls fell.
GOD displays His Patterns of Winning. We as His children need to step out in faith to live in victory. This means that the obstacles in our way may appear to be mountains or giants but are already conquered by our LORD Christ Jesus.
— Thomas Dreyer